ⓘ Vampires (1998 film)
Vampires is a 1998 American independent neo-western action horror film directed and scored by John Carpenter and starring James Woods. It was adapted from the novel Vampire$ by John Steakley.
Woods stars as Jack Crow, the leader of a team of vampire hunters. After his parents were bitten by vampires, Crow was raised by the Catholic Church to become their "master slayer". The plot is centered on Crows efforts to prevent a centuries-old cross from falling into the hands of Jan Valek a reference to Valac, played by Thomas Ian Griffith, the first and most powerful of all vampires. The film also stars Daniel Baldwin as Tony Montoya, Crows friend and fellow hunter; Sheryl Lee as Katrina, a prostitute who has a psychic link to Valek after being bitten; Tim Guinee as Father Adam Guiteau; and Maximilian Schell as Cardinal Alba.
The film was followed by two direct-to-video sequels, Vampires: Los Muertos 2002 and Vampires: The Turning 2005.
A team of Vatican-sponsored vampire hunters led by Jack Crow rids an abandoned house of vampires in the middle of New Mexico during a daylight raid. The team uses a coordinated method of using battle pikes as harpoons, spearing vampires within the house so that a mechanical winch can pull them outside into the daylight. After clearing the house, the team celebrates at a local hotel with drinking and prostitutes, to the disapproval of the Priest assigned to the team. Jack Crow defends the celebration, stating that given the horrors the team witnesses on a daily basis, this is an effective way to blow off steam. During the height of the party, with most of the team drunk, they are attacked swiftly by a master vampire called Valek, who kills most of the team and their priest. Only two members of the team survive, Jack Crow and Tony Montoya, as well as a prostitute named Katrina who was bitten by Valek. Crow later meets his boss, Cardinal Alba, who introduces him to Father Adam Guiteau.
After Crow reluctantly allows Guiteau to come along with him, he tells the priest some of his past, about how his father was bitten by a vampire, killed his mother and came after Jack, who ended up killing him. He then asks what it is Valek is after and Guiteau tells him that Valek is seeking an ancient relic called the Black Cross of Berziers and that Valek was once a fallen priest who was thought to have been possessed by demons. The Berziers Cross was used in an exorcism that was cut short but the result was that Valek was forever changed into the first vampire.
Using the changing Katrinas mind, Jack, Montoya and Guiteau find out that Valek has seized the cross and they arrive at an old Spanish prison to kill more vampires, but they are soon set up as Cardinal Alba sides with Valek and kidnaps Crow, revealing that his plan all along was being turned by Valek so he too can become immortal. Katrina turns into a vampire and allies herself with Valek after biting Montoya. Cardinal Alba agrees to perform a ritual using the cross which will allow vampires to walk in sunlight and be invulnerable, but Guiteau, who was in hiding, appears and kills him before he can finish the ritual. Montoya and Guiteau then rescue Crow as the sun rises, and Crow heads off to confront Valek, whom he kills by ramming the Berziers cross into his chest and exposing him to sunlight, which causes Valek to explode.
Guiteau realizes that Montoya is about to turn into a vampire now that he has been bitten by Katrina, but Crow knows that Montoya has been loyal to him and so decides to take Montoyas fate in his hands, telling Montoya that after two days he will hunt down and kill both him and Katrina. After Montoya and Katrina leave, Jack and Guiteau head off once again to kill the rest of the vampires that made it to shelter.
2. Differences between the novel and the film
- In the movie, "Cat" Catlin is slain by Valek while partying at the motel. In the book, Catlin survives to join "Team Felix".
- In the book, the vampires Grandmaster had no name. In the movie, he is named Jan Valek.
- Annabelle, Carl, and Felix do not appear in the movie.
- In the movie, Jack Crow taps into Katrinas mind to locate Jan Valek. In the book, Crow uses a vampire-detector supplied by a weapon-smith.
- In the book, Jack Crow is turned into a vampire by the Grandmaster, who also slays Father Adam Guiteau. In the movie, both Jack and Guiteau survive while Jan Valek is slain.
- Tony Montoya, Katrina, and Cardinal Alba do not appear in the book.which also makes no mention of the Black Cross of Berziers.
Largo Entertainment bought the rights to John Steakleys novel in 1992 and planned on turning the film into the studios next big project. Although Carpenter, alongside Sam Raimi, Peter Jackson, and Ron Underwood, had all been considered, Russell Mulcahy was the first to be the attached director. Dolph Lundgren had been cast in the lead role of Jack Crow, and it was reported that Willem Dafoe was being eyed for a secondary role, likely the role of antagonist vampire Valek. Many proposed drafts for the film existed, including one that took place entirely at The Vatican and featured a vampirized Pope as the villain, and another that took place in a distant high-tech future where vampires are commonplace and vampire hunters are as abundant as police officers. The film was slated for a Summer 1996 release date with a budget of $50–$60 million, but conflicts between Mulcahy and the studio forced him to leave the project before filming began, taking Lundgren with him. The two would immediately begin working on Silent Trigger, which borrowed elements from the unused scripts for Vampires.
Shortly after finishing work on Escape from L.A., John Carpenter was thinking about quitting filmmaking because "it stopped being fun". Largo Entertainment approached him with a project called Vampires, an adaptation of the novel of the same name by John Steakley. They gave him two screenplays; one by Don Jakoby and one by Dan Mazur. Carpenter read both screenplays and the novel, and he saw the potential for a film hed been interested in making. "I went into my office and thought, Its going to be set in the American southwest and its a western – Howard Hawks." Vampires gave Carpenter the chance to do a western disguised as a horror film," he said. "The story is set up like a western. Its about killers for hire. Theyre a western cliche. In this movie they’re paid to kill vampires." In terms of tone and look, Carpenter felt that his film was "a little more like The Wild Bunch than Hawks in its style, but the feelings and the whole ending scene is a kind of replay on Red River."
He wrote his own screenplay taking elements from the Jakoby and Mazur scripts, the book and some of his own ideas. For this film, Carpenter wanted to get away from the stereotype of gothic vampires as he said in an interview, "My vampires are savage creatures. There isnt a second of brooding loneliness in their existence. Theyre too busy ripping and tearing humans apart."
3.1. Production Casting
Carpenter was looking for someone unique to play the character of Jack Crow and was actively avoiding "just another musclebound meathead", eventually settling for James Woods. He had considered Clint Eastwood, Kurt Russell, Bill Paxton, Al Pacino, Joe Pesci, and R. Lee Ermey for the role, but all of those actors either declined the role or couldnt sign on due to scheduling conflicts. Ermeys casting was rejected by the studio, who believed he did not hold the star power to front a blockbuster. Carpenter cast James Woods as Jack Crow because he wanted "the vampire slayer to be as savage as the prey he’s after, a guy whos just as menacing as the vampires. James Woods is the kind of guy youd believe could and would chew off the leg of a vampire." Woods was interested in doing the film because he had never been offered a horror film before and wanted to try something new. Contrary to his reputation, Carpenter didnt find the actor difficult to work with because "we had a deal. He would give me one take as its written and I would let him improvise.Many of his improvisations were brilliant. When I needed him to be more focused and disciplined, I had the take from the script that was straighter."
Alec Baldwin, an outspoken fan of Carpenters work, had been cast to play Montoya but quickly dropped out and recommended the role to his brother, Daniel. Carpenter had not seen any of Daniel Baldwins work and had the actor read for him. He had seen Sheryl Lee on Twin Peaks and cast her based on her work on the show. Carpenters wife and the films producer Sandy King cast Thomas Ian Griffith because she and the director wanted "someone who looks formidable, but is also alluring. There always has to be something alluring about the evil nature of the vampire." Dolph Lundgren had been asked by Carpenter and King to return to the project as Valek, which he declined.
3.2. Production Filming and post-production
Principal photography began during June 1997 in New Mexico and concluded on August 4th, 1997. In the credits, the film bears a 1997 copyright year rather than a 1998 copyright year, presumably because post-production work had been completed prior to 1998.
The MPAA took issue with the films over-the-top violence, threatening to give it an NC-17 rating unless some of the gore was cut. Ultimately, about 20 seconds of footage was cut from the film. King said, "We satisfied the ratings board by just cutting short of a few things that went into really gruesome stuff."
4.1. Reception Box-office
The film opened at #1 but dropped to #8 on its second week. The film grossed $20.308.772 dollars in the United States on a $20 million budget. Although worldwide numbers are not official, Carpenter stated the film was a massive success overseas, particularly in Japan, and pulled in well over its $20 million budget. It later went on to pull in a further $42 million on home video rental and purchase sales. Vampires was Carpenters only financially successful film of the 90s, and it would later turn out to be the last financial hit of his entire career.
4.2. Reception Critical reception
The film was originally released to varied critical reviews, appearing on both best-of-the-year and worst-of-the-year lists. Positive reviews were based on the films acting, direction, and visual style, while negative reviews felt the film lacked a coherent plot or likable characters. Vampires currently holds a 40% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 50 reviews with the critics consensus "Nothing but one showdown after another."
In its positive reviews, Liam Lacey of The Globe and Mail called it "crude, rude, nasty fun". Robert Gonsalves of efilmcritic.com gave the film four out of five stars, calling Vampires "grungy, disreputable fun.a beautifully shot, yet nightmarishly haunting spaghetti western/horror." Dan Moore of Tulsa News On 6 awarded the film with an A-, saying Vampires "has a distinct personality and entertaining style, one ripe to inspire future generations" and "could very well be Carpenters next masterpiece". Sean Axmaker of Stream On Demand gave the film 3.5 stars out of four, calling it "Carpenter in his prime form", giving particular points to its world building and acting. However, negative critics such as The New York Times Lawrence Van Gelder said it was "ridiculous without being awful enough to be hilarious". Michael Dequina of The Movie Report was also unimpressed, giving the film 1.5 stars out of five, saying "theres no real plot" further believing the film featured "some of the most unlikable characters in recent memory". Susan Stark of Detroit News called the film "misogynistic and disgusting", questioning if Carpenter hated women, giving the film one star out of four. Paul Tatara of CNN gave the film a particularly hostile review, lambasting Carpenter as a filmmaker and finishing his review by saying "as foul as it is, Id argue that the main reason kids shouldnt see John Carpenters Vampires is because it might stunt their emotional and creative development."
Despite this, many critics saw the film as mediocre at best. Roger Ebert gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four, and noted that it "has a certain mordant humor and charm", but was ultimately "not scary, and the plot is just one gory showdown after another." John C. Puccio of Movie Metropolis was also lukewarm about the film and gave it five out of ten stars, describing the film as "little more than an excuse to watch people kill each other in the most brutal possible ways" but acknowledged that the film was well shot, directed, and acted, and that the film had an interesting visual style. Marc Savlov of the Austin Chronicle gave the film three stars out of five, stating he enjoyed the films cinematography, which he described as "a comic book brought to life", but further noted that the film takes itself far too seriously and suggests the film may have worked better as a dark comedy. James Berardinelli gave the film two and a half stars out of four, stating "Vampires is decent enough, but its unlikely anybody will remember this film in the following years, or perhaps even in following weeks."
In one of Vampires s most positive reviews, Gene Siskel awarded the film with four out of four stars, calling the film "a high-action homage to westerns and classic horror that actually has a unique story and masterful cinematography" and "a film that should put John Carpenter back on the map as a horror director and a film director in general." Siskel also expressed his fondness in the fact that film starred an all-adult cast without any teenagers and portrayed both vampires and vampire hunters in an original way. At the end of the year, he placed James Woods as his pick for his "Best Actor" suggestion to the Oscars, and he placed the film as his 10th favorite of 1998.
According to Carpenter, Gary Kibbe was shortlisted for the Best Cinematography at the 71st Academy Awards.
John Steakley, the author of the original novel, liked the film but said it contained much of his dialogue and none of his plot.
Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "D+" on an A+ to F scale.